What is acne?
Also known as pimples, blackheads and whiteheads, is a common skin condition among teenagers which presents on the face and the body.
Blockages can be a made up of skin cells, hair and the skin’s own natural oil known as sebum. These blockages form a plug in the skin, recognised by the immune system as an abnormality, which is pushed toward the surface of a skin as a pimple for easier extraction. Despite the body’s efforts, these plugs are easily infected by bacteria both on the skin and in the environment and can form larger plugs or join together to create cysts.
Acne has different forms and severity according to the stage of infection. It is classified in two categories – inflammatory and non-inflammatory lesions. In severe cases, a cyst may form.
What can cause acne?
There is no definitive cause of acne. Many factors can contribute to acne’s blemishes and irritations, not all can be controlled at once. The main cause is an increase in a hormone called androgen. Androgen levels rise during adolescence, enlarging the oil glands under your skin to produce more oil. Excessive sebum can break down the cellular walls in your pores causing bacteria to grow.
Blockages in the pores can be caused by a range of factors including dead skin cells, stress, a build up of dust and dirt, makeup & face creams and grease or oils.
Acne treatments include:
- Customized Medi-Facial
- Skin Peel
- Skin Care
- LED Light
What is sensitive skin?
Sensitive skin can appear as prolonged redness or flushing and can be warm, itchy or irritated to touch. Sensitivity can also change the texture of your skin such as flaking, or present as a prolonged tingle or tight sensation. You may experience sensitive skin on a small area such as your face or arms, and it may happen according to the seasons or changes in the weather.
What can cause sensitive skin?
Sensitivity can be caused by your immune system reacting to inappropriate skincare. It can also be the result of prolonged, unprotected exposure to the sun or other harsh environments. Skin may become sensitive because the barrier it normally provides has been impaired or it may lack certain nutrients from the body.
Treatments for sensitive skin include:
- Customised Medi-Facial
- LED Light
What can cause uneven skin tone (hyperpigmentation)?
Uneven skin tone, alternatively known as hyperpigmentation, can be caused by a variety of factors. Hyperpigmentation can occur naturally, such as in conjunction with the formation of fine lines and the skin ‘tiredness’ that appears as you age. However, uneven skin tone can also be the result of physical interventions to the skin, such as tattoo removal or hair bleaching.
Dermasweep addresses a wide range of skin conditions including dull or sallow skin, mild acne, acne discoloration, pick marks, and superficial acne scars. It is virtually painless and has minimal to no side effects. Dermasweep mechanically removes outer layers of the skin, and accelerates collagen production and rejuvenation in the process. This treatment can help improve your skin’s tone, texture and hydration.
Rosacea is the appearance of dilated blood vessels and capillaries often showing in a permanent flushing or redness on the nose and cheek areas. The redness spread pattern across the face is commonly called the butterfly effect. At times of severity Rosacea can also include pustules and papules in the areas of redness which can lead to the development of acne. The exact cause of Rosacea is unknown however triggers to set it off include high amounts of spicy foods, caffeine, general dryness, hot showers & excessive heat exposure.
When caring for Rosacea prone skin it is important to have the correct product choices. Treating any sensitivity first is paramount prior to treating any breakouts if they are present. The skin will have a weaker barrier compared to normal and will need strengthening. Skincare preparation for 2 - 4 weeks is preferred prior to receiving chemical peels or skin needling treatments.
Melasma refers to underlying pigmentation that can become noticeable during times of hormonal imbalance or pregnancy. Pigmentation identified as Melasma occurs in patterns such as clouding or blotching as opposed to individual spots. Due to its hormonal origin, Melasma is difficult to treat and cannot be completely eradicated. However, the latest laser technology and other treatments offered at iSkin can be utilised to help keep Melasma under control Melasma. Reducing the appearance of melasma and maintaining its reduction requires regular care and long-term commitment to a treatment plan.
Psoriasis is a chronic condition involving an increase in skin cell production but also a decrease in the shedding process of skin cells. A build up occurs causing a plaque formation of silvery grey scales or red itchy patches. The condition can flare up intermittently and may not be present all the time however, factors such as psychological stress or physical trauma to the area can make psoriasis worsen. Slowly introducing a skin care regime can assist the desquamation of the cell build up and could become a long term maintenance method at home. Treatments are also available however the severity of the condition will determine which treatments you will be able to receive.
Involves the development of red, inflamed, itchy and sometimes blistered skin as a result of an allergic reaction. Dermatitis is non-contagious but can flare up and swell if irritated or in contact with harsh chemicals or environmental triggers. In most cases dermatitis is a weakened barrier of the skin which needs strengthening. Once the initial flare up has calmed down by medication from the doctor or waiting it out for a period of time the introduction to gentle yet effective skincare and LED light therapy is step 1 to achieving great results. Once step 1 is complete and the skin is back to a balanced pH you can upgrade to receiving more hands on treatments to continue the strengthening process.
A form of dermatitis, eczema is a flaring skin condition that can be mild to severe depending on the individual effected. Eczema can be all over the body or only in a section in a patch like arrangement. If severely dry eczema can bleed and be prone to further infection. Cortisone cream is a common topical medication given by the doctor to act as an anti inflammatory during times of flaring. LED light therapy is a safe non touch treatment that can help to strengthen the skins repair mechanisms and is great to use even in times of flaring. Skincare may also be used once the cortisone cream has reduced the severity of the eczema and can help to reduce the amount of flaring your skin may experience in future.
Scarring can appear in different forms and depths within the skin. Treatments will vary on the severity of the scar. Laser rejuvenation and skin needling are the most popular treatments for scar reduction to date however to start off with if your skin needs a more gentler approach chemical peels and introduction to active skincare for home use are available. The aim for scar reduction is to stimulate collagen for remodeling purposes, to create a new base foundation for the skin to grow from.
Acne scarring comes in 3 types: Rolling, Boxcar and Icepick scars. Icepick scars are the hardest to treat and generally don’t get much aesthetic remodeling from skin treatments such as skin needling or laser rejuvenation due to the depth and formation of the scar. However rolling and boxcar scars can be minimised in appearance. Depending on the severity or depth of the acne damage a series of treatments will be recommended by your skin specialist. Please let your skin specialist know if you have been on or are currently taking any medication for acne as this can significantly affect your treatment.
Generally surgical scars are the deepest scars seen by our skin specialists. Treatment may take longer as the collagen boost needed in these scars is above average and the scar itself will appear less obvious rather than completely gone from the surface.
This form of ageing is the natural process of our bodies getting older. The factor contributing the most to the rate at which we age naturally is our genetics. Some individuals will have a higher metabolic rate than others naturally and will age more gracefully than those with a low metabolic rate. However diet, water intake and exercise contribute to improving your metabolic rate. Skin treatments can assist your skin to become healthier however if the processes internally are slowed down the rate of your skins improvement will also be slowed down.
Premature ageing is ageing caused by toxin absorption or free radical damage. This type of ageing can be minimised but not entirely reversed with skin treatments, the aim for decreasing premature damage is to look at everything including improving your organ function and the external skin health. Smoking, sun exposure, eating the wrong foods, malnutrition, and stress can increase the rate of premature ageing. By avoiding these habits your skin will have a much faster waste disposal rate and improved delivery and absorption of nutrients.
Nevus of Ota
Nevus of Ota is the appearance of a bluish pigment around the eyes and bridge of the nose. The main causes for Nevus of Ota are unknown and is either acquired or congenital appearing at birth or around the time of puberty. In some cases the eye may be affected as well as the skin for this condition. The gray blue patches of pigment are spread around the trigeminal nerve on the maxillary and ophthalmic branches. Laser rejuvenation with the Picosure Alexandrite 755nm wavelength is the most effective for reducing or completing the removal of pigment successfully.